Bacterial Vaginosis is a kind of infection that affects the vagina. It is usually a mild condition and is caused by bacteria as its name suggests. The vagina consists of a number of good and bad bacteria. The function of the good bacteria is to keep an eye on the bad bacteria and control their growth. But at times due to this does not happen due to several reasons. An imbalance in the good and bad bacteria results in the increased growth of the bad bacteria resulting in conditions such as bacterial vaginosis. It is a mild issue and does cure itself in a few days. But the condition can result in the cause of several other complications. So it is better to consult a doctor before it leads to any serious issues. You should know the following things about Bacterial Vaginosis.
Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis
Bacterial Vaginosis is a condition that is seen to be more common in women who are more sexually active than the rest. But it does occur in women who are not sexually active either. The exact cause of bacterial vaginosis is not known, and it is suggested that the imbalance in the vaginal bacteria are the main cause of the condition. But there are a few other things that might increase your chance of being affected by bacterial vaginosis. Some of these include douche the vaginal area, having more than one sexual partner, or having a new sexual partner. It is important not to douche, not smoke and also limiting the number of sexual partners to one to avoid bacterial vaginosis.
Complication of Bacterial Vaginosis
Bacterial Vaginosis on its own is not a serious condition. But a person who already has the condition is at a higher risk of contracting other diseases. For example, if the person affected by bacterial vaginosis is exposed to infections that are sexually transmitted, including HIV, they are at a higher risk of contracting the complication. If the infected person undergoes a cesarean section, hysterectomy, or an abortion which are all pelvic procedures, they are at a high risk of contracting a pelvic infection. If a pregnant woman is affected by bacterial vaginosis, she would be at a higher risk of having a uterine infection, miscarriage, or premature delivery.
Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis
It is the most common symptom of a person affected by bacterial vaginosis to discharge smelly fluid from the vagina. The fluid is said to be yellow or greyish white in colour and it occurs mostly after indulging in sex. The smelly discharge would have a very fishy smell once it releases after sex. It is easy for the symptoms to go unnoticed and half of the women do not realise its occurrence.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The diagnosis process of bacterial vaginosis involves a pelvic exam. In case that does not give a concrete confirmation, the sample of the discharge from the vagina can be collected and sent to the laboratory for testing. As it is a mild condition, it can be treated by antibiotic pills, creams, or capsules. The pills are to be swallowed, and the capsules are to be put in the vagina.
Bacterial Vaginosis is a serious problem and it should be treated immediately. Having some knowledge about it can help you prevent it.